Cressent, Charles

Charles Cressent, a renowned cabinet maker in the 18th century, was the leader of Régence style. He was born in Amiens in 1685 to François Cressent (1663-c.1749) a Crown official sculptor.  Charles first trained as a sculptor. He was appointed “Maître sculpteur” - master sculptor – in 1714, and started working for Girardon and Le Lorrain. He later trained with André-Charles Boulle’s competitor Joseph Poitou and took over his workshop when he married his widow after his death. He thereby became the cabinet maker for the palaces owned by the Duke of Orléans, the Regent. He created furniture for European nobility and royal clients like the young French King Louis XV, King Jean V of Portugal and the Elector Charles-Albert of Bavaria. Cressent specialized in commodes and writing desks. He also designed and created his own bronze mounts, and used mostly luxury woods such as amaranth and kingwood. But he would not comply with corporation regulations in creating both furniture and bronze mounts. Legal actions were initiated against him, leading to distraint in 1723, 1735 and 1743. Forced to sell his inventory in 1750 and 1756, and he stopped his production permanently. He died in Paris in 1768.